大不列颠及英格兰联合王国皇家海军驱逐舰入级劳氏

  出品:科普中国

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英国皇家海军第4艘45型驱逐舰龙号在紧急情况下可搭载700名平民。

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[据世界防务新闻网站7月4日报道]
在澳大利亚海岸搁浅的英国皇家海军驱逐舰-42型诺丁汉号驱逐舰的维修工作将持续到明年春天。该舰的维修工作分两个阶段。第一个阶段的维修主要是通过舰艇系统的修复和试车完成舰艇的结构维修。该阶段的维修工作随着维修船坞的注水在该月初即将完成。
随后将进行机械和系统的维修。 FSL计划经理Barry
Stacey评论:”这是FSL第一次对驱逐舰装备进行测试。该计划顺利的按照我们预先规定的时间进展。我们确信该驱逐舰的维修工作将顺利的按照时间节点完成。”FSL此次接收该项维修合同的主要目的是把对诺丁汉号驱逐舰的大修理作为跳板,将主要水面舰艇的改装带到朴茨茅斯海军基地,该项维修合同的价2003格为2600万英镑。(

  策划:肖春芳

THE MARINE LOG FEATURES CALENDAR FOR 2003

  据英国广播公司8月31日报道
英国皇家海军最新一艘45型驱逐舰“龙”号已经抵达其位于朴茨茅斯的母港,正式加入海军服役。

  制作:中新起乐军情观察室

图片 5Type
45 destroyer.

  举行的仪式标志着“龙”号驱逐舰正式由BAE系统公司交付给国防部。

  监制:光明网科普事业部

The vessels will be built in sections at the BAE Systems yard on
Clydeside and at the new Vosper Thornycroft facilities at Portsmouth,
with final assembly and launch to take place at the BAE Systems
Scotstoun yard.

  “龙”号是由BAE系统公司高文船厂建造的第4艘45型驱逐舰,该舰还将经过一段时间的海试。

  “普拉特”级(原郡级)驱逐舰是英国皇家海军划时代的驱逐舰。

All six to be built under survey in accordance with Lloyd’s Register’s
Rules and Regulations for the Classification of Naval Ships. The
classification contract was signed yesterday by Martin Robinson, Head of
Procurement, Combat Systems, for prime contractor BAE Systems and Dave
Philip, Lloyd’s Register’s Type 45 Project Manager

  “龙”号是6艘该型舰中的一艘,将装备“海毒蛇”防空导弹。

  1949年,英国开始研制“海参”(SeaSlug)中程防空导弹,以增强航空母舰战斗群的防空能力。为了能搭载这种导弹,皇家海军提出了一系列防空驱逐舰和防空巡洋舰方案,但只于1956年选中了一个较小且造价低廉的方案。这一方案的结果就是标准排水量5440吨的“郡”级。

Lloyd’s Register surveyors will work at all yards to ensure construction
proceeds in accordance with the approved design. The first of the six
vessels, HMS Daring, will be launched in September 2005 and delivered to
the Royal Navy in September 2007.

  每艘45型驱逐舰都能搭载60名军队队员,并且还有一个可允许“奇努克”直升机进行起降作业的飞行甲板。在紧急情况下,该舰可搭载700名平民。

  郡级总共建造了8艘,分两批建造。造价1380-1680万英镑,每艘舰运行费用490万英镑(按1976年价格计算,不包括直升机)。第二批舰在布局、武备和电子设备方面均有所改进。该级舰首次采用燃气轮-蒸汽轮复合推进装置,具有很强的加速性。全舰还有防化学、防原子、防生物三防能力。

HMS Daring will be notable in that it will be the first Royal Navy front
line combatant vessel to be built to the requirements of Lloyd’s
Register’s Rules and Regulations for the Classification of Naval Ships.
The departure from the use of naval engineering standards reflects the
changes which have been made in the Ministry of Defence’s procurement
practices and its pursuit of SMART acquisition policy. It is also the
first major project in the world for which this approach has been
applied from the concept stage.

  指挥官达伦•休斯顿(Darren
Houston)称“‘龙’号目前正处于最佳状态,以应对接下来的海试和其它挑战。”

  郡级的服役年份已比较早,陆陆续续做了一些小规模的改装,如加装反舰导弹发射架、电子战系统等,在转让他国后也进行了现代化改装,如智利就为其改装了以色列的“巴拉克”防空导弹垂直发射系统。

Vaughan Pomeroy, Director of Lloyd’s Register’s Naval Business, says:
“Lloyd’s Register has worked on the Type 45 project throughout the
design phase and has already approved the design by carrying out an
independent assessment against the requirements of the Rules for the
classification of naval ships. This contract for survey during
construction of the initial production batch of six ships will result in
the ships meeting the requirements for classification.

  另外3艘45型驱逐舰已经服役,包括“果敢”号、“无畏”号和“钻石”号。“邓肯”号和“保卫者”号仍在建造中。  (中国船舶信息中心  
寇玉晶) 

  除此之外武器装备还搭载4部法国宇航公司MM38“飞鱼”反舰导弹发射装置;2部八联装IAI/Rafael“巴拉克”1防空导弹发射装置;2门维克斯115毫米(4.5英寸)MK6半自动双联装舰炮,2或4门厄利空20毫米Mk9舰炮;6部324毫米MK32鱼雷发射管(2部三联装),霍尼韦尔MK46Mod2型鱼雷;SLQ-25“水精”拖曳式眨鱼雷噪音诱饵装置;2架(“普拉特”上为1架)“努达尼奥”NAS332C“美洲狮”反潜/搜索直升机。

“The adoption of Lloyd’s Register’s approach to naval ship
classification by the prime contractor, BAE Systems, and the U.K.
Ministry of Defence demonstrates that we have created a recognized set
of standards for front line naval ships. This contract is highly valued
by Lloyd’s Register, and we look forward to working with BAE Systems and
the supply chain to ensure that these ships satisfy the expectations of
the Type 45 Integrated Project Team.”

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The Type 45 destroyer is the most recent example of the collaboration
between Lloyd’s Register and the MoD. Lloyd’s Register is also preparing
to publish its updated Rules for Naval Ships in July 2003. The Rules
were first published in 1999 after eight years of development with
significant support from the MoD, in particular its Defence Procurement
Agency’s Sea Technology Group, as well as many other British and
overseas defence organisations.

The Rules provide a common technical standard for hull structure,
machinery, electrical systems and statutory safety requirements in a
form that can be applied to any size or type of naval vessel, from
aircraft carriers to small patrol boats. With the Type 45 destroyer
intended to remain in class for the duration of its service life,
control of material state in line with design intent will be clearly
visible without the cost penalties that ‘unique to navy’ standards
impose.

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